To those who are new to the concept of crate training, confinement in such a small space might seem like some sort of medieval torture. But free-roaming dogs seek shelter in small, enclosed spaces, and feral cats hide in small, dark spaces to avoid being eaten by coyotes and other predators. In fact, anyone who has visited a person with cats knows that when unfamiliar people enter their home, many cats immediately run for cover in places much smaller than a comfy travel carrier. Based on this natural history, one can see how pet dogs and cats can easily be trained to perceive a travel carrier or crate as a cozy cave or a home away from home (and one that can be taken with them wherever they go). In fact, all dogs and cats should be trained to enjoy being in a travel carrier or crate so they feel comfortable traveling. For dogs, in particular, learning to enjoy staying in their crates for extended periods of time can be important for teaching them that it’s okay to be alone in their “bedroom.” Then they’ll be less likely to develop anxiety when separated from their owners down the road. Training pets to see their crate or carrier as their personal bedroom is simple, even for cranky cats, and usually takes less than a week. It’s all about teaching them that great things happen when they’re in their crate. The great thing we will use is food. Throughout the process, other motivators can be used as well.